Kierkegaard was one of the foremost Christian Philosophers and he is hailed as the forerunner to modern existential philosophy. Here I am analyzing his magnum opus: Philosophical Fragments.
His work is one of a literature within a literature and his tapestry of words is poetic form of prose. In this work he constructs a poetic dialogue between Christian thought and early Greek Philosophy. He dwells on the subjective realms of the Spirit. His writing is an aphoristic style called as Diapsalmata in Greek.
Greek Philosophers like Socrates have asked the question: ‘is truth knowable’? The method of Socrates was asked to ask questions and indulge in a dialogic rhetoric. Kierkegaard points out to the truth, that it, in a Christian sense was knowable and lies in the incarnated Messiah who came to earth as Christ and who rose up to save the entire world from their sins. The Socrates modes operandi of truth was a dialogic one which finally created an uncertainty of truth.
The teacher of truth is God himself—the Rabbi—the Messiah—the Christ who has laid the foundations of truth in the human consciousness of the individual.
The individual is given the choice to accept truth as a part of free will as God did not create a robot that he could manipulate. The knower of truth starts from a state of disbelief to a state of knowing.
The love of God or in Greek known as AGAPE is a love without any motives. The relationship of God and man is one that of a tutor and a learner.
Knowing oneself is a paradox in Greek Philosophy. The art of Knowing in Christianity is an empathic relationship with God the tutor and man the learner.
From the Christian point of view: faith is a compassionate surrender to the will of God. A genuine wisdom is one that of deciphering what God has bequeathed as consciousness in the spirit of man. As it is said in the Hebrews: ‘faith is the substance of things hoped for and the evidence of things not seen’.
The archeology of Christian thought is, Adam and Eve created the primeval sin and then God incarnated as the Son to redeem all humanity from Sin.
Freedom is a paradox—God has given free will to choose God or to depart from him. Yes, God does not like luke-warmers; he avowed to spit them out.
He further expostulates that truth is hidden in the Eternal, the omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent God. There should be a merger of self consciousness with the presence of God-consciousness.
The teacher who gives the truth is the Savior—the Messiah who incarnated as Christ. When truth is forgotten, the individual relapses back into solipsism.
The transition of truth refers to a process from a state of non-being to state of being. Here Kierkegaard lays the foundation for modern, existential philosophy.
God tended to reveal himself to humanity as love and that’s why he sent his son to earth to claim redemption for all.
The teacher—the Rabbi, has bestowed on the student a peace and joy that surpasses all understanding.
Divine Love—Agape is eternal and is the soul of God which he gave freely to the humans for partaking. Divine love surpasses the symbolism of the occult and other religions.
The character of truth in Greek Philosophy was always one of doubting but in Christianity it is one being with Christ the God and the King. And Christ as rightly said: ‘I am the way the truth and the life and whosoever believes in me will have eternal life.’
The meaning of a Christian God is a concept of reason and also a passion of emotion.
The author differentiates between the love of God and that of Self love. Love of God is immaculate, transcendental and forgiving where as self love is based on desires and passion. Can we balance self love and the love of God and attain equilibrium?
The coming incarnation as the Messiah, Christ was historical and the resurrection is trans-historical.