Bible Musings

I was reading the Gospel of Mark and I got some inspiring thoughts which I want to share with you.

Parable of the Vineyard
Parable of the Vineyard is a famous parable told by Jesus. A man plants crops in a vineyard and appoints farmhands and goes on a holiday. After coming back, he sends a servant to collect the fruit. The farmhands beat him and then the master sends a second servant and they flog him. Then he sends a third servant and they murder him. Then the master thought if I send my son they will be kind to him. So the master sends his son. They dastardly kill the son. Jesus asked them what the master will do. They replied that they will be executed. This parable is an allegory of Jesus himself. God sent the prophets and the evangelists before him (like John the Baptist). They were treated cruelly and some were murdered and became martyrs of God’s Kingdom. The planter of the Vineyard who sent his son is an allegory of how Jesus will be crucified and martyred.
Paying Taxes
When Jesus was questioned by the Pharisees about paying taxes: Jesus asked them to show a coin. Then Jesus asked them whose image was on it. They replied that it was the image of Caesar. That’s when Christ replied to them: ‘pay unto Caesar what is his and give unto me what is mine’. There’s a verse of hope inherent in what Christ has said. There’s a guarantee that if we take care of our spiritual life then our Father God in Heaven will take care of our material needs.
The Pharisees who were clever as serpents asked Jesus a question. There was a family of seven brothers. When each of the brothers died each of the living took into marriage the same wife. They by sheer sophistry asked who will the wife belong to in heaven. Jesus adeptly replied: ‘you brood of vipers: in heaven she will belong to God and she like all those who have been saved will their intimacies and ecstasies with God.

Analysis of 100 Years of Solitude by Marquez

One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marques is an acclaimed Nobel Prize winning novel. I have started reading it and I want to share my thoughts.
In the beginning of the Novel— Buendia faces a firing squad and then Marquez writes in a flash back.

Buendia lives in Macondo village which is a strange village where the villagers are obsessed with scientific equipments brought by the ragged gypsies like the telescope, magnet, astrolabe, sextant and chunks of magnet. Melaquides is a gypsy who acts as a Warlock.
We can’t equate Buendia’s character with contemporary fictional characters. He is a specimen of an 18th century character somewhat like Quixote. He is very eccentric and he is obsessed with scientific instruments like the compass, sextant the astrolabe and the magnets. He is mesmerized with the idea of getting gold from the bowels of the earth.

The character of Meliquades can be shown to represent a sorcerer. He seduces the villagers of Macondo with strange scientific instruments. We can see in him the beginnings of a scientific age.

Ursula his wife on the other hand is a practical person a character who can be equated to Socrates wife Xanthippe. She is of the opinion that Buendia is not taking care of the affairs of the household.
Macondo village is a fictional idiom for the strange, exotic and the eccentric.
The village Macondo is described by Marquez using an erotic tapestry. To the East of Macondo there stands vast and impenetrable mountains, to the west flows a river, and to the south the terrain was swampy.
Buendia is obsessed with primitive scientific instruments and fails entirely to take care of his family. The warlock Malequades devotes his time with Buendia and nurtures him to develop strange astronomical theories.
The novel cannot be called modern as it has an 18th century setting. Almost all characters in the novel seem to be whimsical with the trivia of the phantasmagoria.
However in Buendia’s wife we find a difference. She is practical and shrewish. She has the wisdom of an earth mother. She is frustrated with the wonkiness of her husband.
Marquez makes a fictional mistake: when Buendia searches for the warlock Malequades, Marquez describes him of having died of fever in Singapore. The novel is set on 18th century moorings and the form of transportation is mules and horses. We have to give fictional license and the ability of imagination to accept the fact.

There’s a strange eerie incident where Buendia throws a spear at Augilar and kills him. His spirit appears to Buendia’s wife Ursula. Marquez is playing with magic realism and we have to partake the novel with the truth of a fictional license.

The character of Ursula can be explicated as that of being a feminine earth mother. She can’t stand the fleeting, illusory plans of her husband Buendia. She goes out of the way to make both ends meet. She is the proletariat of the mind, a symbol of a buxom productive woman who materializes a realism of approach to life’s practical solutions.

Marquez portrays Buendia as a capitalist monster with a mind to live life recklessly and be profligate. Buenda is the symbol of an unrealized capitalist dream and he can be a dandy who lives life without care or concern.

Notable is the language of erotic postures described in the novel. Marquez describes Buendia as an erotic beast with the weapon of an animal. Buendia makes love to the gypsy woman in the garden of poetry. Erotic passions are written in musical language.
There is a war fought there, a war between the conservatives and the liberals. The surrender by the liberals and the signing of the armistice is one of pathological of the reminiscence of making a memoir about making a history of nation to war and blood. The war between the liberals and the conservatives is a toxic metaphor showing the blisters of Argentinean history.

Remarkable is the passionate romance shown by Colonel Gerineldo and Amaranta. Their love is a manifestation of the Shakespearean drama Romeo and Juliet.
When considering the narrative of Marquez in 100 Years of solitude, the fable’s trajectory is in a linear mode, a start from the end to finish. Postmodern fiction is characterized by abrupt shifts in time, a narratology in streams of consciousness an excessive intoxication with tropes and from this point of view we can consider the novel as being a traditional one.

The tropes used by Marquez are all too familiar ones. There’s no newness encountered in 100 Years of Solitude. A fictional avant-garde novel with no clichés, a novel that bears the smell of eloquence all these seem to be lacking on 100 years of solitude.

April 6th 2019

I spent time reading the Gospel of Mark. New thoughts emanated for me. I love to listen to the voice of God. He fills my mind with self confidence. In this journal I would like idiomatize all what I have read. I thank God Jehovah Jesus for blessing me.

We all know that it was King Herod who ordered the execution of John on the pretext of Herodias asking for John’s head. As an Idiom Herod means a tyrant. The Nazi rule was a Herod in the making. Stalin was a communist Herod. Democracy weeds out Herod.
Herodias was niece of Herod with whom he had an adulterous relationship. As an idiom it means committing adultery. Committing Herodias is a sin. Lord Christ Jehovah forgive me for being a Herodias.

Galilee is a famous place where Jesus spoke about the Kingdom of God. As an idiom Galilee means a great preacher. Ravi Zacharias the Christian apologist is a Galilee.

Ephphatha (be opened) refers to the miracle of the opening of eyes done by Jesus. Ephphatha as an idiom means getting something sanctioned. My bank loan was Ephphathed.

Dogs Get Scraps
This is an incident where a woman accosts Jesus to heal her daughter. Jesus said to her: first come: first served. Then the woman replied: even the dogs get scraps. Moved by her faith, Jesus healed her daughter. Dogs get scraps a piece of luck coming to one’s life. Today I am going to be the Dog that gets scraps.

Bartimaeus a blind man was sitting on the streets begging and when Jesus appeared: he shouted loudly: ‘son of David heal me’. Jesus moved out of compassion, healed him. Bartimaeus is an idiom for something lucky happening. Oh God Jehovah Jesus when will a Bartimaeus happen in my life?

Hang out for thieves
We know the story where the people who desecrated the temple were punished by Jesus and were thrown out of the temple. Hang out for thieves means desecrating something that’s holy. Salman Rushdie’s novel: The Satanic Verses is a den of thieves.

Reply of Jesus
The Pharisees questioned Jesus about his credentials and under whose banner is her preaching and healing people. Then Jesus said to them first answer my question: who authorized John to baptize me? The Pharisees realized that if they told the people, they would become shame faced and if they told God, they would give the benefit of doubt to Jesus. Reply of Jesus as an Idiom means giving a wise reply. To the interview panel he gave a reply of Jesus.