Kerala, God’s Own Country is a home for a flock of communist sheep. I was once an ardent follower. For many youth of Kerala, Che Guevara was an iconic figure. As I write this narrative, I feel a tinge of regret. Communism is a dead corpse. It has a bankrupt ideology. India is a galloping horse as far as Capitalism is concerned. The top echelons of the part like the Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan have themselves and their kith and Kin studying in international universities abroad have also bathed in the waters of lucrative businesses. Communism is a disguised capitalist cosmetic. Communism in Kerala benefits the rich few and marginalizes large number of its followers. Communism in Kerala is a social and political Dracula having its blood hungry fangs to impoverish its followers.
Morning rose up a s painter’s heart. Little blossoms chanted in the sky. Sun melodramatized into an epiphany. I bow down to God Jehovah Jesus and thank him for all his blessings.
I am still reading the Gospel of Acts. Mostly it’s about the work of proselytization done by the Disciples of Christ and Paul. They encounter all sorts of problems like being accused of being liars and slanderers of faith, casting our demons by sorcery. But they endure their spread of theology very bravely. I am wondering if the present day evangelists have the same zeal as their predecessor.I no longer have a confused worldview. My worldview is being deeply rooted in Christ. I am able to separate worldly Philosophers from Christ’s words.
Thanks to God Jehovah Jesus, I was able to complete a treatise on the methods of Criticism, they being Philosophical Etymology, Psychological Pharmacology, Cultural anatomy and Ontological Nebula. For Philosophical Etymology I have used deconstruction, structuralism, Feminism and Marxism for analysis. For psychological pharmacology I have used Freud, Lacan and Jung. Cultural anatomy deals with value, function and meanings in culture. For Ontological Nebula, I have used two concepts: Constructive Ontology (my own) and destructive ontology.
I was reading the biography of Umberto Eco the famous novelist who wrote: The Name of the Rose. I was surprised when the narrative said he had a 30000 volume library. Compared to that I have a dwarf library of 100 odd books. Collecting books is my weakness and a mental fetish.
The biggest thing in my life after coming to Christ, I don’t have an anxiety anymore. I have a past history of reading astrology columns. Reading astrology fills the mind with fear and anxiety. The good things they predict never happen. One day I was doing a reading and the column said: there is imprisonment. The whole day passed on with dread and at the end of the day nothing of that sort happened. The Bible (Scripture) is very firm on Astrology, Tarot and the Occult. It says that our ‘God is a Jealous God’ and those dabbling in it will have the curse of God not to one generation but till the fourth and the fifth generation.
What I am writing is my own encounter with Pagan Idols and deities and its all truth. I don’t want its cursed to sprinkle on anyone. I want all to be enriched with God’s blessing. Give the Devil an inch and he will take a mile.
I have discovered some tools for the methodology of literary criticism. They are:
a) Philosophical Etymology
b) Cultural Anatomy
c) Psychological Pharmacology
d) Ontological Nebula
What is philosophical Etymology? Philosophical etymology is a cross examination of literary and cultural meanings in the light of Philosophy. It seeks to give newer shades of meaning to older thoughts. Let’s look at some examples. The school of structuralism coined that all language is made up of signs. A sign consists of the signifier and the signified. The signifier is a visual tangible thing and the signified is an idea. Let’s use an example: I blossomed in her garden. Here blossomed is figurative and an idea and hence it is the signified. Garden forms the signifier.
Postmodern Philosopher Derrida developed the idea of Binary Divide. A Binary Divide is a text that privileges some and marginalizes others. Let’s look at an example. It is said in an advert: Wanted only Native Speakers to Teach English. This narrative privileges Native Speakers over English spoken by the colonized people. Using the Binary Divide we can deconstruct texts.
From Derrida I have developed an idea called Binary Fusion. Binary fusion is a text that promotes equality. Let’s look at an advert. We do not discriminate people on the basis of gender, color or orientation. This text contains a Binary Fusion. Let’s look at another example. Black Culture, Black Gospel, Jazz and Blues are universally epitomized binary fusions of culture. A literary interpreter can analyze texts and bring out notions of marginalization and privilege and also write a narrative of Binary Fusion.
Then comes Kristeva’s texts of the semiotic and the symbolic. A semiotic text omits grammar and punctuation. Such a kind of text can be found in streams of consciousness narratives, in drama, film and music. A symbolic text on the other hand adheres to the strict conventions of language. Doing a literary analysis we can classify texts into semiotic and symbolic elements.
Form a Marxian point of view we can analyze texts by looking at class values like the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Do texts privilege the Blue Blood or monitor the interests of the working class. Does the text promote the interests of the Capitalist society? What is the dialectic materialism embedded in the text. This refers to political and historical problems created by Social tremors. The narrator can find out how various social institutions have contributed to the writing of literature.
Philosophical Etymology also takes a look at Feminist Theology. Do social, cultural, political and historical institutions promote gender equality and support Feminism. How are the roles of a working mother enacted in s society? Does the intrusion of masculinity affect the reading of texts? To what levels of subversion are meanings of the feminine in a text?
Psychological Pharmacology looks at the theories of Freud, Lacan and Jung. From Freud we have the three states: ID (passion and the libido), Ego (language and culture assimilated from parents) and Super Ego (the laws of the society). While doing textual interpretation the author can find out how these mechanisms are working in a text. Texts can also be phallic and vaginal that is texts promoting the language of the feminine and the masculine. Is the language of the text phallic or vaginal?
Next I would like to take the theories of Lacan into consideration. Prominent are the Mirror Stage and the Gaze. The Mirror stage consists of the child’s entry into Language. Mirror stage can be a psychoanalytic tool to gauge level of subversion in a text. It’s an analysis of psychological symptoms in a work of literature. Gaze for Lacan has sexual connotations. What kind of gaze is present in a text? Gazes can be feminine, masculine and gay.
Next I would like to take Jung’s theories into account. Jung has classified the psyche into archetypes (personality types). Some archetypes are the Wizard, the Witch, the lover and many more. We can analyze how and why and for what these archetypes are created.
Ontology a study of being comes from Existential Philosophy. Here I take the traditional ontology and the ontology created by me into consideration. Traditional Ontology, the one espoused by Sartre and Camus is destructive as it condemns life to be absurd and chaotic. Constructive Ontology created by me states that meaning of being lies in Valueblization (from Value and Realization). We can analyze texts and examine whether texts are favoring destructive ontology or constructive ontology.
What Cultural Functions does a text serve? For who is the narrative intended? Which cultural institutions are prominent? Is there a culture clash or a culture divide?
Probing into the meaning of literature is an interesting thing. I have classified the meaning of Literature as Art, Life, Culture and Philosophy.
Literature as Art
Literature as Art resembles a painting. The tropes or figures of speech used in the literary language ornament it. Literature as art belongs to the realm of aesthetic appreciation. Art of Literature uses various literary devices like Metaphors, Similes, Puns, Parables, Hyperboles, Allusions, Allegories, hyperbole, rhetorical question, Metonymy, Zeugma, Oxymoron, Fables and many more.
When it comes to life, what is literature? What does literature do? Life of Literature is a character sketch. Character is the revelation of biography and autobiography. Character also includes the plot of the novel or the mystery hidden in the novel.
How can literature become culture? Looking at literature from the cultural point of view, we have to take a plunge into structuralism. Structuralist thought divides all language into signs. A sign consists of the signifier (a visual tangible element) and the signified (an idea). When we say Rose is love, we mean that Rose is the signifier and love the signified. A writer will write culture into signs. As culture, literature also dwells on the socio-cultural institutions.
How can we look at literature from the philosophical point of view? Philosophy of the novel contains ideas in the novel. For example: in Camus’ Myth of the Sisyphus, we find that Sisyphus is condemned by the Gods to roll a boulder all the uphill, only to find it rolls down again. What Camus meant was life is chaotic and absurd. The literature of Camus paved the way for the philosophy of existentialism.
Go cook and eat it is a Malayalam Idiom meaning I am fed up of you. Yes, Go Cook and Eat it.
Morning mushroomed with a canopy of colors—little hymns made divine music—all is beautiful with me. I thank God Jehovah Jesus for his abundant blessings.
It is wonderful to think of how words acquire new cultural meanings with spread of the internet and globalization. A good example of that will be viral, selfie and web.
I am pondering on the art of writing. What could it be? Writing is primarily a narrative. In olden days dissemination was oral. Then there started the writing of texts. There are two types of writing. They are readable writing and interpretative writing.
Readable writing can also be called primary writing. It can be factual or literary. Readable writing is found in discourses like Philosophy, Math and Sciences are examples. Readable writing being literary can be a good story either in speech or in writing. Novels, Poetry, Drama, Films all belong to this genre.
Interpretative writing can be cultural, literary and philosophical. Let me use an example. Let me take the thoughts of structural and post-structural Philosophers.
Let me use an example to understand interpretative reading. Saussure is a famous structural Philosopher who introduced the Sign in Language. All language is made up of Signs. A sign is made up of the signifier and the Signified. A signifier is a visual tangible thing. A signified is an idea. For example if I say dove is peace, dove is the signifier and peace the signified. Then Roland Barthes who used the structuralist Sign to analyze fashions and culture. Philosophically speaking the sign was put into deconstruction by the philosopher Derrida. Deconstruction examines how signs privilege and marginalize people in texts. From Derrida I have developed a new idea of Philosophy called Binary Fusion. Binary Fusion is a text that does not marginalize or privilege anyone.
Today I was able to accomplish a lot by reading. I was able to write a commentary on great works of art. I feel so contented and happy. I thank Lord Jehovah Jesus for making my life happy.
I have started reading the Book of Acts and it is a commentary on the works done by the Disciples after the resurrection of Christ. I have also read into the conversion of Paul at Damascus. Thus we have the word Damascene which means a life changing situation. Remarkable is the way in which God could change the life of a person who was severely persecuting Christians. Paul became one of the greatest living apostles in the world. Paul as an idiom means Proselytizing people to Christianity.
Not all is well with Christianity in India. The present government is a pro-fascist-Hindu government. Things don’t augur well with missionaries working in the rural parts of India. They are stripped and paraded naked on the streets of India. Vermilion is scattered on their heads. Bibles are being burnt.
There is a horrific incident of a Missionary Graham Staines and his children (two boys) being torched alive in a jeep where they were traveling. Staines’ wife has forgiven them all out of Christian compassion.
I hope God Jehovah will give me the wisdom and understanding to be spokesperson of Christian Apologetics.
What is the Christian worldview related to the end of knowing? The end of knowing lies in belief. We can reason about Christ. But we can know the Holy Spirit and God the father with belief. Such kind of belief is called Para-epistemology from (Parapsychology and epistemology). What is belief? We have to believe because of Christ God who has revealed the word to us in flesh and blood. We have to believe that his death for the remission of sins was ordained from Heaven. We have to have a repentant heart and also be compassionate in nature. We should have a loving devotion to God. Being confessional in prayer can change even the most stained in sins. Our life is a rhythm and music composed by and composed for God and composed with God.
This is a true story stranger than fiction. I know of a family who had the pentagram sculpted in iron in the front wall on top of their house. The literary meaning of the Pentagram attributes it to the Pagan worship of Venus. Later on it came to symbolize the Devil.
The Pentagram is the official symbol of the Church of Satan. Inside the Pentagram is a goat’s head. In Satanic Worship it is called the Sigil of
In this Family the younger son died gruesomely in a horrifying accident. Now the eldest one is suffering from colon cancer and doctors have written him off. The family is having misfortune after misfortune.
It is very clear Biblically that we are not to honor and worship anything that resembles anything on land, sea and earth. For that family the Pentagram was the outcome of a tragic fate.
I have developed ideas on interpreting art and they are surface level meanings, aesthetic appreciation and literary, cultural and Philosophical Interpretation.
I take paintings of Belgian Surrealist Paul Delvaux, Picasso and the paintings of Gauguin and Van Gogh.
Paul Delvaux Call of the Night
On the surface level, there is barren land, nude female bodies having hair of vegetation, hills and trees without branches.
To appreciate it from an aesthetic angle as a pure work of art, it is an elegant craft of displaying the contours of the naked feminine. The tone of color used is a rich nuance, producing an aesthetic effect. Everything is serenely placed as rhythm of light and color.
Let’s look at the painting from a literary, cultural and philosophical point of view. The painting depicts dream and reality juxtaposed together. Is barrenness of the terrain showing contrast with the sexual awakenings of the woman (the woman are veiled with hair)? Does the woman covered with veil, initiating others into the realm of sexuality. Is the light held the buxom woman an invitation to do the poetry of the bed?
Gauguin’s Spirit of the Dead Watching
On the surface level, there is a nude young girl and man hooded in black.
An aesthetic appreciation we understand how vividly is the brilliant use of color, the dark and light shades forming an ambient tapestry of a picture of art.
From a cultural point of view, we find Gauguin celebrating the culture of Tahiti. As a philosophical art, Gauguin ponders on the questions of immortality, life after death and the soul. From a psychoanalytic point of view we find that the man is obsessed with a younger woman.
Van Gogh’s Cultivator
On the surface level it is a painting in agrarian settings were a farmer is sowing the field.
As an aesthetic appreciation we understand the brilliant exposition of color, light and shade forming metaphors of a painting of art.
From a cultural point of view we can understand that Van Gogh was influenced by the Parable of the Seed in the Bible. Philosophically speaking there’s harmony of man with nature both being metaphoric as friends.
From a surface level of meaning we can see a distortion of animal and human figures embedded in the canvas.
As aesthetic appreciation, we can follow the ingenuity of Picasso to create a new school of painting called Cubism. Art is shown to create an aversion in the mind. Looking at it we are overcome with a feeling of catharsis.
From a Cultural Point of View we can understand Guernica to show the bombing of a town called Basque and the horrors.
Kierkegaard asks the foremost question: is believing in love possible? Is it physically tangible? Is it an emotional product of the mind?
Kierkegaard talks of two forms, one being spiritual and eternal and the other being spatial and temporal. Divine affection of God is spiritual and erotic passion is earthly, historical and temporal.
Affection of Christianity is non temporal and non-historical. He is using Plato’s concept of forms. Divine affection is an ideal kind of love. I would love to merge Platonism with the thoughts Kierkegaard. Divine passion resides in the Father and the Holy Spirit and can be seen, heard, loved and felt with Jesus the son.
Again Kierkegaard goes on to expostulate that human affection is embraced by the divinity of Christ. He uses a metaphor to illustrate the point: ‘the quiet lake is deep down fed by hidden springs’.
It is a divine emotion that can be seen, felt, touched and heard by the heart. Love is based on the maxim of experiential sharing.
When we try to experience God’s feeling for us we must be in a state of fear and trembling, in other words, being overwhelmed.
Kierkegaard makes a bifurcation of love. There are three forms: and they being: erotic, that of camaraderie and biblical that being love they neighbor. Christ has also said to care for our neighbor.
Neighbor exhorted in the Bible refers to the other. The other is historical entity. Loving the other as a divine injunction is not an easy task. Kierkegaard illustrates the parable of the Good Samaritan.
In his treatise: Works of Love, Kierkegaard exhorts us to love God and love our neighbor. Loving God is the highest form of love.
The author exhorts the poet to glorify God and also pay compliments of celebration friendship and Eros. We can show our love to God by glorifying, adoring and praising him.
Kierkegaard also talks from the Gospel of Luke: When you are calling for guests for a wedding banquet, call not the rich and the noble, but call the poor, the blind, the maimed and the lame. In doing so we are doing God’s Will in Heaven.
Again he goes on to say: ‘Love is the fulfillment of law’. The law here refers to the 10 commandments. With Christ, even if we sin, we have the option to repent and get forgiveness from God.
The Love shown by Christ, by dying on the cross to save us from our Sins—becomes a Binary Fusion of glorifying both the marginalized and the privileged, whereby all are called as invitees to enter the heavenly realm and live eternally with Christ.
In another context, the apostle Paul says: ‘love is the sum of all commandments’. We adhering to love have to obey God’s commandments. We have the option of our sins being forgiven by praying to God in true repentance.
Kierkegaard in his narrative expostulates: love is a matter of conscience. What is conscience? It is the hidden throne of God dwelling in the mind of man. It is be conscience that we obey God and we honor our neighbors. We have to love God with a pure heart.
Love exhorts us to shed of our envy, doubt and deception. Love hopes all things, by love we conquer our sins. By loving God and making a prayer of repentance we can develop a harmonious relationship with God