Devil’s Work


Christmas season is bringing in decorations everywhere. To my surprise I see the inverted pentagram being put up in houses and commercial establishments and also to my shock in Christian hospitals. An inverted pentagram is Satanic and portrays Baphomet. As an idiom Devil’s Work is a wrong done out of innocence. Christmas decorations are becoming the Devil’s Work. It’s sad to see the Devi’s Work during Christmas celebrations.




The Philosopher Nietzsche Killed God. He is right, God was crucified. But he resurrected from the Grave. Linguicide as an idiom refers to Christ resurrecting. Linguicide has made it possible for humanity to be saved. I am happy that I have experienced his love and the realization of his linguicide.

Reading Albert Camus’ Rebel from Christian Apologetics



(This article is dedicated to the famous and dear Christian Apologist Dr. Ravi Zacharias )

What is a Rebel? Camus contradicts by saying that a rebel is a person who affirms and denies existence. Camus is being vague when he says what is meant to be a rebel? What can we rebel? Why should we rebel? Is it God—the Society—other people?

Again Camus says that rebellion is an assertion of the Ego. Camus forgets that there is the Freudian ID, Ego and Super Ego. ID is the sea of passion what Freud incarnated as the Libido. Ego is the values and culture accumulated from the family and society. Super Ego is the law of the society. I raise my fist at Freud, a left hook for not integrating these states. From Freudian perspective we have to tight-rope-walk on these states to hold it in a balance. Viewed from a Christian perspective we have a consciousness known as CHRISTANONSCIOUNESS in which the balance is kept intact. I would dare to ask Freud the Question did Christ want to separate these states? In Christanonsciousness we are whole beings in Christ.

Camus postulates that man’s solidarity is found in rebellion. What is solidarity? It is the feeling of human oneness and the showing of empathy. How can solidarity be birthed out of rebellion. The Indian freedom struggle birthed out non violence against British imperialism by Mahatma Gandhi was a solidarity revolution. Solidarity bears allegiance to the Christian maxim: Love: your enemy. If your enemy thrashes you on the right cheek, show him also your left one.

Camus reiterates the idea of the Absurd in Rebel. Absurdism derived from nihilism points out that life has no meaning and it is chaotically absurd. Absurdism is self-negating and defeats the very purpose of life. We are living in reality that is being-processed. And that is processual ontology. Processual ontology posits existence to be angstual, cathartic and ecstacyual.
Camus again explains metaphysical rebellion which he defines as a rebellion against God and an utter blasphemy. To be pejoratively speaking, does Camus want whore in front of a Christian altar? From an apologetic viewpoint, Christ as God the Father’s Son came to us as our own being and we did not have to go to him. Man is an emotional being and we simply cannot do away with metaphysics. We can’t calculate the meaning of life in equations. What about the questions of ethics? Ethics and values of the society lie in the metaphysical realm. How can we explain murder, incest, rape and pedophilia? Camus fails to explain how we get our inner-conscience? During the beginning of creation we were made whole and sin has fragmented into the various Freudian psychological states.
Camus is overwhelmingly sympathetic to Sade. Talking from a moral perspective, can Sadism be justified? Is it hunky dory to commit rape, murder, suicide, incest and pedophilia? Even Freud has said that committing these acts won’t lead to the growth of civilization. If we follow Sade’s ingenuous ideas, it will lead to the disintegration of society, and anarchy.

Again Camus goes on to negate Salvation. Sartre the great nihilist and existentialist said that man is condemned to be free. Christ on the other hand said that there is only freedom in me. Both types of freedoms are paradoxical. Christian freedom is a state where your are neither free nor bound. You are in a state of Freeatharsis, coined from freedom and catharsis. Camus philosophy is one of rejectionism. Can an anarchic state where no morals exist be conceived? Is the philosophy each according to his will and each according to his ability be justified? As a Christian apologist, I would like to say we are free to accept Christ and his blood shed on the cross. The human heart has a peculiar ideological symptom and that is the acceptance of Christ. Being in Christ is joy. Death is only physical as far as the body is concerned. The soul and spirit are anchored to Christ. A being’s monumental realization of eternity and eternal life comes with Christ. Let’s look at Christ’s attitude to the prostitute Mary Magdalene. Christ said: ‘sin no more’. ‘Who ever in this crowd has no blemish raise a stone against her’? Christ acted out creative-empathy.
I would like to explain the contours of Camus nihilism. a) It involves the rejection of God and Metaphysics. b) It idealizes anarchy. Being in Christ gives a value, purpose and meaning to life. A Civil society does not exist in anarchy. c) It involves a rebellion with the self. I would like to define the self as an organic—automation, with a free will to choose Christ and be a whole person. The self in this world owing to Adamite sin has to maneuver between ecstasy and angstuality.

Again Camus expostulates Rousseau’s Social Contract. The social contract is a legitimate document for establishing a democratic society. Can the Social Contract be borne out on Nihilism? Why does Camus a self proclaimed Nihilist and Anarchist want to emphasize the Social Contract? Isn’t Camus subversively justifying the need for values in Society? Christian Freedom implies a justice based on responsibility.

I would like to develop an antonym for nihilism and that is purposuality (purpose and reality). A purposist exists in realization of life or in a state of valuableization (valuable and realization). Life is valuablelization derived from value and jubilation.


Dedicated to King Solomon for his passionate and erotic song of songs

I kissed
Her like
melt whispers
I fondled
Her breasts
Like the
Of a guitar
I am seeing
Her nude
My body
Is awakening
I entered
Her and
Rhythms now…
Are melting
To Ecstasy.

ICSE Geography 10 2019

Geography Notes
1. Climate
India has a tropical Monsoon Climate
Factors affecting Climate
Altitude: Temperature decreases with increase in height due to the normal lapse rate. Hill stations have a cooler climate
Climatic Barrier or Climatic Divide
The Himalayas act as a Climatic barrier. They prevent the cold winds of central Asia from entering India and also block the monsoon winds from leaving India.

The windward side of the Western Ghats receives more rain than the leeward side as winds have lot of moisture and lose their moisture when they enter the leeward side. The leeward side is called the rain-shadow. Mumbai gets more rain than Pune.
The Aravallis are lying parallel to the direction of the South West monsoon winds and therefore Rajasthan and the Thar Desert is a region of the rain shadow.
Meghalaya lies on the foothills of the Gharo Kasi Jaintya hills and receives more rainfall and it is called the windward side of the mountain.
Distance from the Sea
The Sea moderates the climate of the place. Places lying near the sea have a moderate climate. Places lying interior have an extreme climate. Winters are very cold and summers are very hot.

Western Disturbances
Western Disturbances are temperate cyclones originating in the Mediterranean Sea. The enter India and give rainfall to Punjab and Western Uttar Pradesh in winter.

Jet Streams
Jet Streams are upper air circulations and they herald the onset of the monsoon.
Four Seasons Summer Season Season of the South West Monsoon, Season of the Retreating Monsoon, Winter Season

Summer Season
Loo Hot winds called Loo originate in the plains of India and they can cause sunstroke.
KalBaisakhi Norwesters are thunder showers and storms originating in the Assam and West Bengal. Beneficial for growing Jute
Mango showers are summer rainfall occurring in the Southern parts of India. They are beneficial for coffee.
The Sea has high pressure and the land low pressure.

The Season of the South West Monsoon
The Season of the South West Monsoon brings rain to India. There are two branches of the South West Monsoon, the Arabian Sea Branch and the Bay of Bengal Branch.
Major difference : Arabian Sea Branch gives rain only in India. More in Volume
Bay of Bengal Branch divides into two, one branch enters the North East and other goes to Myanmar. Lesser in Quantity.

The Season of the Retreating Monsoon
Pressure conditions change. The sea is warmer and has low pressure. Land has high pressure.
The retreating monsoon brings rainfall to coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

The Cold Season
The Cold Season begins. Temperate Cyclonic disturbances occur in the Bay of Bengal and winds blow from the Sea to the Coast of Tamil Nadu and Bangladesh giving rainfall there.

2. Soil
Formation of Soil known as Pedogenesis

Alluvial Soil
Is known as Ex-Situ or transported Soil. Brought down by the rivers. Two types—Kadar and Bangar. Kadar more fertile sandy. Bangar old alluvium less fertile.
Rich in Potash (POT and Ash) Poor in Nitrogen (Night and Trojan)
Suitable for growing rice and wheat

Black Soil
Known as In-Situ Soil or formed in the place of origin (also called Residual soils). Formed by volcanic lava spread.
Hold Moisture. Develops cracks during the dry season.
Good for growing Tobacco and Sugar Cane
Red Soil
Formed by the Weathering of ancient crystalline metamorphic rocks.
Rich in Iron. Poor in Nitrogen (Night and Trojan) Needs fertilizers
Millets pulses and fruits can be grown
Laterite Soil
Formed by leaching, that is washing away of the top soil by rain.
Cannot retain moisture. Poor in Potash (Pot and Ash)
Tea coffee and Rubber are grown.
Soil Erosion
Washing away of the top soil called as Sheet Erosion.
Grooves are cuts formed in the land are called as Rill erosion
Cuts in the land develop into Gullies and is called Gully erosion.
Methods to Conserve Soil
Afforestation: Planting of more trees
Prevention of overgrazing
Contour Ploughing
Ploughing along the slopes of the land.
Contour Bunding
Terracing of slopes.
3.Natural Vegetation
Tropical Evergreen
Rainfall more than 200 CMS. (2 Victory, Zero Cipher Cipher) , Temperature 25 to 27 degrees (To5 To Sabbath) , Trees rise above 50 mts. Canopied structure.
Rosewood Furniture (Rose and Wood), Cinchona Medicine (Synch KO NA)
Tropical Deciduous
Rain 100 CMS. (Century)
Temperature (27 to 32) (ToandSabbath(holyday) 32 reverse 23)
Sandalwood Perfumes and handicrafts
Teak used for furniture.
Commercially and Economically the most important natural vegetation because of Sandal Wood
Littoral Forests
Trees have special breathing roots called pneumatophores. Trees are submerged during high tide.
Sundari tree used for making boats.
Agar tree used for treatment of Cancer.
Mountain Forests
Found in High altitudes 1500 Mt, to 3000 Mt. Trees are evergreen
Pine for furniture
Deodar used for aromatherapy
Need to conserve Forests
Preserving the natural habitat and biomes
To control global warming.
Agro Forestry Planting of trees and crops on the same land.
4.Water Resources
Need to Conserve Water
Water is a diminishing Resource
Population is increasing more water is needed.
Irrigation The systematic application of water for agriculture.
Well Irrigation
Lined Unlined and Tube Wells.
Advantages Easy to make and Cheap
Disadvantages dry up quickly. Tube wells need lot of electricity
Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan

Canal Irrigation
Inundation Canals dug during the rainy season.
Perennial Canals Have water in them throughout the year.
Advantages Irrigate large areas of land. Easy availability of water for farmers.
Disadvantages Expensive. Water Logging
Ganga Plain

Tank Irrigation
Advantages: Easy and Cheap to make. Can store rainwater.
Disadvantages: Dry up during summer. Occupies large area.
Tank Irrigation in the Deccan
Rocks are non porous
The land is undulating
Popular in the Deccan
Multipurpose Projects
Dams having more than one purpose. Like hydroelectricity and tourism.

5.Mineral Resources
Iron Ore
Hematitie Magnetite Limonite and Siderite
Iron used to make steel and railway coaches
Odisha: Sundargarh (Beautiful House) Mayurbunch (May UR Bunch)
Goa: Bicholim (Bitch All IM) Sattari (SAT ARI)
Chattisgarh Bailadila (Bail Heart) RajHara (Raja Hara)
Jarkhand Singbum (Sing BUM) Ranchi (Tatti kundu Pawai)
Karnataka Chitradurga (Chitra Durga) KudreMukh (Could Re MuKum)
Also called as Black Gold used for the generation of Thermal electricity and also for smelting iron ore. Also used for cooking
Anthracite Bituminous Lignite Peat
Jarkhand: Jayharia (Jay Hariya) Bokaro (Bow Karo)
Odisha: Sundargarh (Beautiful House) Talcher (Talam Cher [dirt])
Chattisgrah Tatapani (Tata Water) Koragarh (Chorus House)
Bengal Burdwan (Bird Wan) Bankura (Bank Kura)
Andhrapradesh Warangal (Wrathathu angal) Adilabad (Ah Dil [heart] Bad)
Used for the production petrol diesel and natural gas.
IOC Indian OIL Corporation BP Bharat Petroleum
Refineries are located near to ports because it is easy to transport them and refine them
India needs to import crude oil because it does not produce enough.
Assam Digboy (Dig BOY) Nakarkattiya (Nakku Kattu ya)
Arunachalpradesh Manabhum (Mana [power] BUM) Charali (CharaL LI)
Mumbai High Bassein (Bass IN)
Used for paints and glasses
Found in MP Odisha
Main raw material for Aluminum Use for making airplanes and vessels.
Found in Odisha and Gujarat
Used for making rain-gauges and electronic systems for rockets.
Found in Rajasthan and MP
Advantages of Non Conventional Energy
They do not exhaust They are cheap and eco-friendly
Types Biogas Solar Wind Tidal Nuclear
Shifting/slash and burn/ Jhumming: Not eco-friendly. A patch of land is set fire and tribals cultivate from its ashes. Once soil is infertile leave the land
Subsistence Farming for one’s own needs.
Intensive Technology and labor is available in greater proportion to land.
Extensive Land is available in greater proportion to technology and labor
Mixed Animals and poultry are reared along with crops.
Plantation Crops like tea coffee and sugarcane are grown in plantations.
Indian agriculture is mixed intensive
Kharif Starts with the beginning of the monsoon. Main crop Rice
Rabi Starts with the winter. Main crop Wheat
Zayad Starts during April May Fruits are grown.
Reasons for low productivity
Farmers are not educated
They do not use HYV high yielding variety of seeds.
Temperature: 18 to 32 (18 number of the beast 6+6+6 32 Psalm 23)
Rainfall 150 to 300 (15 Magic square and zero 300 Father Son and Holy Ghost two Zeros)
Soil Sandy
Methods of Cultivation
Broadcasting Scattering the seeds on the ground.
Dibbling Dropping the seeds at regular intervals.
Drilling Using a drill to drop the seeds
Transplantation Sowing the seeds in nurseries and then transplanting on to the fields.
Japonica Japanese Method of Cultivation Using of HVY High Yielding Varieties of Seeds. Planting in Nurseries. Transplanting on to fields. Plenty of water used.
Rice grown Haryana Madhya Pradesh
Temp: 10 to 15 10 (1 and Zero) 15 (Magic Square) While sowing
25 to 28 while harvesting (to5 and to8)
Rainfall 50 to 100 (Half a century and Century)
Soil Clayey Loamy
Main areas UP Punjab
Millets are drought resistant crops and can be grown on any type of soil. Jowar Bajra and Ragi are the chief millets. They are used as food and fodder.
Pluses are leguminous crops and help in nitrogen fixation so they are rotated. Pulses are valuable source of proteins for North Indians as they are vegetarians.
Urad Moong Peas and Gram are the major pulses.
MP and UP are the main cultivated areas.
Methods of cultivation
Setts method The cane is cut into two or three joints and cultivated.
Ratoon After harvesting the lower part and roots are left to grow. This is then planted again.
Sugar, Molasses used to make alcohol Pressmud used to make polish Bagasse Used to make paper.
Areas UP Bihar
Why is Sugarcane Cultivation shifting to the South?
South has a more humid climate as winter is harmful for the crop.
South has developed institutes for research and development of sugarcane.
Used to make butter and also used for cooking. Kharif and Rabi Crop.
Areas Gujarat and TN
Mustard Seed
Used as medicine and for cooking
Areas Rajasthan and Haryana
Rapeseed Used to make Bio Diesel Animal Feed.
Areas Rajasthan Haryana
Used for medicine and for cooking. World’s largest producer.
Areas Odisha and Rajasthan
Kharif and Rabi crop Used to make engine oils or lubricants for automobiles.
Areas Andhrapradesh Rajasthan
Flax is obtained from Linseed. Used to make clothing.
Areas MP and UP
Used for making cloth Oil is used as cattle feed.
Ginning Separation of the seed from the Fiber.
Areas Maharashtra and Gujarat
Known as Golden Fiber. Used to make Gunny bags.
Retting: The Jute bundles are immersed in water so that fiber can easily be removed.
Why Bengal is the leading Producer
Suitable humid climate Cheap Labor.
Green tea and Black Tea.
Earns foreign exchange
Clonal Planting
Clones of a superior plant are taken and planted to yield better varieties.
Done to reduce moisture. Leaves are spread on racks.
Done to give tea its taste. Leaves are passed in between rollers
Tanin in tea is oxidized
Drying or Firing
Leaves are put on conveyor belt and heated.
Tea leaves are sorted according to their size.
Tea is tested for its taste.
Areas Assam Kerala TN
Varieties Arabica Robusta Liberica
Wet Parchment Method
The beans are run through a series of washing and fermenting
Dry Native Method
Berries are dried in the sun to remove their outer covering.
Areas Kerala TN
Used to make tires and tubes.
Latex: Milk obtained from the rubber tree.
A bud of a superior plant is attached to another plant.
Tapping The process of collecting the latex from the rubber tree.
Vulcanization Adding of Asetic Acid to the latex and hardening it into rubber.
Large Scale: Uses a large amt. of capital
Medium Scale: Uses capital smaller than large scale
Small Scale: Uses only a small amt. of capital
Private Sector: Run by private individuals (reliance)
Public Sector: Run by the Govt. (Indian Oil)
Joint Sector: Run by govt. and private sector (Gujarat State Fertilizer Company)
Cooperative Sector: Run by the workers (Indian Coffee House)
Agro Industries: Uses agro products to make finished good. Example: Mango Pulp to Mango Juice
Mineral based Industries: Uses minerals to make finished goods. Example: Iron ore to make steel
Forest Based Industries: Uses forest products to make finished goods. Honey
Cottage Industries Goods are made in cottages. Example Handicrafts
Consumer Industries Goods are made for consumers. Example Computers and TV’s
Basic and Key Industry Industry whose products are essential for building infrastructure. Example Steel to make Bridges.
Footloose Industries Industry that can be located anywhere in the world. Examples Garments or clothes
Textile Industry
Areas Maharashtra Mumbai
Why located in Mahraraashtra
Humid climate Plenty of power
Old technology Competition from foreign markets
Employs a lot of people Earns foreign exchange
Areas: Bengal Hubli Rishra
Why Jute Industry located in Bengal
Availability of raw material Easy obtainment of power
Lack of raw material Foreign competition
Woolen Textiles
Areas Punjab Haryana
Why Woolen Textiles located in the North
Has the cold season so woolen clothes are needed Plenty of Cheap Labor
Types Eri Tassar Muga(artificial)
Major area Karnataka
Why Silk is located in Karnataka ?
Humid Climate Presence of skilled workers
Sugar Industry (All said in agriculture)
Iron and Steel
Integrated and Mini Steel Plants
Integrated steel plants use a larger amt. of capital and all the processes of production take place in one area.
A mini steel plant has lower capital investment and processes of production do not take place in one area.
TISCO Tata Iron and Steel
Oldest. (Jakrkhand) Started by Jamshedji Tata. (Private Sector)
Water from the Subarnarekha River.
Power from Damodar Valley Corporation
In Chattisgarh (Durg). Started with the help of Soviet Union.
Coal from Jaharia (Jay Hari Ya)
Power from Korba Thermal Power Corporation
Situated in Sundergarh ( Beautiful House) in Odisha. Started with the help of West German Firm.
Coal from Jahariya (Jay hari Ya)
Easy port facility from Kolkotta
Vishakapattanam Steel Plant
Power available from Gujuwaka
Port facility for export.
Problems of Steel Industry
Outdated technology Low productivity
Petrochemical industries are those whose products are the byproducts of petroleum industries
Some Names
Union Carbide Trombay
IPCL Indian Petrochemical Corporation Limited
Cheap to make. Easily available.
Pollutes the environment Produces hazardous substances
Electronics Industry
Cell phones, Computers and TV’s are examples of some products of the electronics industry.
Areas Bangalore Chennai Kolkotta
Why India is becoming a hub of electronics
India has a huge consumer force
Production costs are low in India
8. Transport
Easy to construct Can be made in hilly areas
Poor condition of roads Contributes to pollution
Golden Quadrilateral
The North South corridor linking Jammu with Kanyakumari and the East West Corridor linking Silcher in Assam with Porbander in Gujarat.
Cheap as owned by the Govt. of India
Can transport a large number of people.
Very expensive to construct.
Considerable amt. of electricity is wasted.
Promotes Tourism
Can connect remote islands of India like the Lakshwadeep.
Lack of enough boats. Poorly developed technology.
Important Water Ways
Ganga Bramaputra West Coast Canal Champakara Canal
Ports of India Kandla Mumbai Marmagao Chennai Kochi New Mangalore Vishakapattanam Tuticorian Paradip Kolkotta Haldia
Saves time.
Helpful to people during natural disasters as army can rescue and airlift food and people
All people cannot afford it. Contributes to pollution.

9. Waste Management
Waste is defined as anything that pollutes the environment and it can be solid, liquid, gas or radioactive substances.
Classification of Waste
Biodegradable Waste
Any waste that decomposes into the environment. Examples are fruits, vegetables, cloth etc.
Non Biodegradable
Waste that does not decompose into the environment. Examples are oil spill, radioactive waste, plastic etc.
Sulphur Dioxide
Comes from the burning of coal and petroleum. Causes breathlessness, dizziness.
Carbon Monoxide coming from the burning of fuels if inhaled in large amounts can lead to death. It contributes to slow poisoning
Methane the ingredient of natural gas can cause affection in the lungs.
Effect of Solid waste
Solid Waste can contribute to the spread of infectious diseases cholera, malaria and diarrhea.
Effect of water Pollution
Water pollution contributes to typhoid, cholera, hepatitis and various other diseases.
Effect of Mining and Industrial Waste
Industrial pollution can lead to global warming. Water can be contaminated with sludge. Disposal of industrial wastes as landfills is a serious problem.
Minamata disease was discovered in Japan caused to due to the discharge of ethyl mercury.

Effects of Oil Spill
Oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird’s feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements. Without the ability to repel water and insulate from the cold water, birds and mammals will die from hypothermia.
Waste management
Is the collection transport recycling and disposal of waste materials.
Solid waste disposal
Segregation is the separation of waste into different categories. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes are sorted out.
Dumping is the act of depositing waste in one area.
Organic matter is recycled with the help of composting.
3rs of waste management
Reduce Reuse and Recycle.